Alcoholism and its consequences

At present, alcoholism is one of the most frightening problems of all mankind, since the rate of its widespread distribution is only increasing from year to year. The availability of alcoholic beverages and their advertising play a negative role, because it contributes to the spread of a rather dangerous addiction. This kind of popularization is especially negative for adolescents, since for them the forbidden fruit is always sweet. 

General information 

Alcoholism is a fairly serious disease that occurs due to the frequent use of alcoholic beverages, as a result of which a strong addiction arises. According to experts, it belongs to one of the types of drug addiction, since alcohol literally acts like a drug on the central nervous system. Due to the long-term use of alcohol-containing beverages in the human body, irreversible changes begin to develop, which often end in death.  
The problem of alcoholism has recently caused a lot of concern on the part of doctors. Every year the number of “sick” is only increasing. As you know, the doctor deals with the treatment of In this case, it is necessary to seek qualified help from a psychiatrist-narcologist, because alcoholism provokes the development of serious mental and physical changes in the body. As practice shows, it is possible to cope with this disease on its own in exceptional cases. However, a timely appeal to the appropriate doctor allows not only to restore health, but also to eliminate the existing addiction.

Main reasons

According to experts, all causes of alcoholism can be roughly divided into three categories. Physiological factors. Psychological factors. Social factors. One of the main points is the presence of a predisposition to alcoholism at the genetic level, which arises from a mutation in the genes. As a result of such changes in chromosomes, the rate of development of the disease increases several times. Taking into account the fact that recently this disease has been diagnosed more and more often, the likelihood of the birth of children with an already existing tendency increases several times. However, the presence of a genetic predisposition still does not give a 100% guarantee that the child will subsequently suffer from alcoholism. Of particular importance in this matter is education and social status.
In addition to genetic predisposition, the physiological causes of alcoholism are distinguished. In some diseases associated with the central nervous system, metabolism or liver, this problem manifests itself more quickly. Men and women who consume alcoholic beverages very often fall into depression, have so-called manic personality changes. It is safe to say that alcoholism and its consequences are terrible from a psychological point of view, since the person himself is very degraded. Some begin to drink from despair (parting with a loved one, dismissal from work), others perceive alcohol as an opportunity to rest after a hard day. However, in the aggregate, all this causes the constant use of alcohol, which in the future can provoke the appearance of addiction.
There is also a socio-economic factor (all those conditions in which we directly live). Depending on the environment, there may be a tendency towards drinking or avoiding alcohol. Traditions, upbringing, family values ​​- all this affects the way in which a person spends his leisure time and cope with emerging difficulties. If a child had a clear example of alcoholism before his eyes in childhood, the likelihood of addiction in the future increases several times. The younger generation believes that if parents could not cope with their problems differently, then beer or wine is really the only way out.


First of all, it should be noted that there are only two types of addiction: psychological and physical. The first appears due to the influence of alcohol on the central nervous system, and the second – due to the inclusion of a substance (ethanol) in metabolic processes. Alcoholism in men and women, as a rule, develops gradually. In order to confirm the presence of this problem, the doctor evaluates four signs: The degree of attraction to alcoholic beverages. Change in alcohol tolerance. Withdrawal syndrome (the formation of psycho-neurological symptoms after stopping the use of alcoholic beverages). The defeat of some systems of internal organs. The psychiatrist-narcologist always first of all assesses the accompanying signs of the problem in order to understand the full severity of the condition. The most important symptom is an irresistible urge to consume alcoholic beverages, regardless of the environment. In total, there are three stages of the disease.
The first stage is characterized by the appearance of addiction. An alcoholic patient experiences an intolerable desire to consume alcoholic beverages. Even if such an impulse occurs only once a week, this symptom should still not be ignored. The alcoholic at this stage is not yet aware of the full danger of the disease, he prefers to satisfy the existing need, rather than try to fight it. Control over the amount of alcohol is gradually disappearing. This means that a person drinks until drunkenness occurs. The next day, he usually suffers from a hangover. What is the difference in the second stage of alcoholism? Symptoms in this case may vary. A clear sign is the appearance of the so-called withdrawal syndrome. If the desire is not satisfied in time, a number of mechanisms are triggered that worsen the mental / physical condition of a person. Thus, the body literally requires a new portion of alcohol every time. Blood pressure rises, irritability, insomnia, vomiting appear, including after the next meal. Psychosis often begins with hallucinations. This condition is dangerous not only for the patient himself, but also for his environment. This is how alcoholism develops consistently. The symptoms listed above are very troubling. In order to avoid their development, a person continues to consume alcoholic beverages, which already leads to a real binge.
The third stage is considered final. It is characterized by a drop in tolerance to alcoholic beverages. A person needs a small amount of alcohol to get drunk. Personality gradually degrades, intelligence and ability to think disappear. The influence of alcoholism almost always entails irreversible consequences for all systems of internal organs.

Features of female alcoholism

The main patterns of the development of the disease in both the female and male body are almost identical. However, experts call a group of characteristic features that make it possible to isolate this problem. Relative psycho-emotional lability. The higher nervous activity of women is arranged in the direction of the superiority of the so-called intuitive activity of the brain, and not logical. As a result, they are more emotional and susceptible to the negative effects of stressors. The harm of alcoholism is really manifested to a greater extent in the fair sex. The thing is that the liver tissue is highly sensitive to the toxic effects of ethanol against the background of the reduced ability of enzyme systems for its subsequent processing. As a result, women need a lower dose of alcohol to get drunk. Already at the initial stages of the development of the disease, there is a violation of the transmission of nerve impulses due to the fragile structure of interneuronal connections. Rapid absorption of alcohol in the intestine. Incompatibility of sex hormones and directly decay products of alcoholic beverages. 

Very often a situation arises that a woman herself does not notice that she begins to feel the need for alcohol. As a result, self-criticism falls, and any comments from loved ones are denied. The damage to the brain, liver and other systems of internal organs is observed even faster. Ultimately, all these features merge in a severe form of alcoholism, and with persistent addiction. What should be the treatment? What therapy options do modern alcoholism clinics offer? 

Complex aspect. 

The most effective approach in treatment is considered to be a combination of psychotherapy methods and the use of drugs. In this case, therapy involves teaching new forms of behavior, managing emotions, and improving family relationships. As for drugs, most often nootropic drugs are prescribed to restore and strengthen the central nervous system, suppress craving for alcohol. The fight against alcoholism through biological methods involves the use of blocker drugs. As a rule, ” Esperal ” and “Torpedo” are used. They are injected or implanted subcutaneously. Drugs-blockers not only suppress persistent craving for alcohol, but also provoke pronounced incompatibility reactions when drinking alcohol. In the presence of alcohol dependence, coupled with a depressive state, therapy is first of all prescribed to eliminate the underlying disease. His treatment allows you to eliminate the main reason for drinking and gain sobriety. Some alcohol treatment clinics only offer one treatment option. Before choosing a particular institution, it is recommended to first study the reviews about the technique used, about its effectiveness and side effects. Many clinics today offer different treatment options from the above, for example, with acupuncture or hypnosis. Preference should be given only to those specialists who have the appropriate medical education and a license to perform certain procedures. Note that you should not try to overcome alcoholism on your own. Reviews of traditional methods of treatment, as a rule, prove the ineffectiveness of the recipes of our grandmothers. Moreover, during the time that close relatives spend on such “therapy”, the disease can develop into a chronic stage.  

Coding and alcoholism

Coding is not really a panacea for alcoholism. In the vast majority of cases, it only delays the next binge. For some people, this “rest” can last only a few days, for others – several years. The fight against alcoholism in this case involves the introduction of special drugs into the body, which, when interacting with alcohol, provoke the appearance of severe physiological reactions. This can be a drop in blood pressure, and redness of the skin, and tremors. Today, coding is carried out not only in specialized clinics, the doctor can go to a potential patient right at home. Unfortunately, not all patients benefit from such treatment in practice. 

Alcoholism and its health consequences. Liver pathologies.  

Fatty acids serve as the main “fuel” for the cells of this organ. However, with the regular use of alcoholic beverages, the liver, first of all, is forced to process alcohol. Unresolved fatty acids accumulate sequentially, provoking the appearance of changes in liver tissue. As a result, dystrophy develops, which, after a while, can develop into fibrosis and even cirrhosis. Exhaustion . Chronic alcoholism contributes to the appearance of a constant feeling of euphoria and simultaneously suppressing appetite. As a result, a person eats less, which entails a deficiency of certain vitamins and nutrients. Oncology. The liver and pancreas are usually affected. In addition, cancer of the rectum, prostate, larynx, and esophagus is common in alcoholics . Peptic ulcer disease. With excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, the balance of aggressive and protective factors in the stomach is disturbed, as a result of which damage to the mucous membrane of the digestive tract is observed. Pancreatitis According to experts, up to 80% of cases of this disease are provoked by this particular problem. Diabetes. Bleeding . Against the background of liver diseases, varicose veins often develop directly in the esophagus itself. Their rupture entails massive bleeding, which often ends in the death of a person. In addition, the veins in the esophagus are very easily damaged by vomiting. Depression and psychosis. Against the background of these diseases, the risk of suicide increases several times. That is why qualified psychotherapeutic assistance allows you not only to cope with a depressive state, but also to save a person’s life. Heart diseases. Chronic consumption of alcoholic beverages contributes to an increase in blood pressure, an increase in the concentration of cholesterol and its derivatives.           

What happens to your personal life? Loss of friends. With this disease, people lose their former common interests, they become more withdrawn and look for a company with the same problem. Problems at school / at work. Alcoholism, as a rule, interferes with the performance of the usual duties, the person becomes less organized, character and behavior change. All of this, of course, affects work and educational activities. The social consequences of alcoholism are also expressed in the tense atmosphere in the family. Alcoholics are not interested in the ordinary life of the average person; over time, they cease to fulfill their direct duties. This state of affairs, as a rule, does not satisfy relatives and friends. Any attempts to help or correct the situation end in scandals and resistance from the drinking person.  

Consequences of female alcoholism 

The abuse of alcoholic beverages by the fair sex has even more dire consequences, as sooner or later all ladies become mothers. If a woman continues to drink alcohol during pregnancy, the likelihood of having a child with the so-called alcohol syndrome increases. These are gross morphological disorders characterized by irregular proportions of the face and body. A newborn may have a wide nose bridge, spherical eyes, underdevelopment of the jaw bones or other pathologies. In addition, alcoholism and its consequences for the mental development of a child are simply dire. In such children, as a rule, congenital cerebral insufficiency and retarded mental development are diagnosed. Alcoholic parents have children growing up in a very difficult environment, which affects their psyche. That is why they are often diagnosed with enuresis, stuttering, aggressiveness, and leaving home are possible. The emotional state of such children is extremely unstable, in some cases there is a tendency to suicide.

The consequences of beer alcoholism 

Currently, beer alcoholism has become widespread, which makes society increasingly think about the future of the country. Young people mistakenly believe that the intoxicated drink is absolutely harmless to the body, because it contains a small proportion of alcohol. Boys and girls do not care about beer alcoholism and its health consequences. However, this addiction actually causes a lot of harm to the young body. The constant consumption of beer in the first place provokes the development of rather serious pathologies. Young people have disorders at the sexual and mental levels of development. The cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract suffer from alcohol toxins. 

Beer is absorbed very quickly, which entails an overflow of the bloodstream, increasing the load on the heart. This alcoholic beverage contains psychoactive substances. They have numbing and intoxicating effects, people become aggressive and violent. What else is beer alcoholism dangerous? The consequences for the brain are often irreversible. This intoxicating drink consistently kills its cells. Subsequently, they are excreted from the body along with urine. Dead cells are not restored, as a result – when drinking beer, a person literally becomes dull. In youth, the results of such an addiction are most pronounced, since the learning ability and the level of intelligence are noticeably reduced. The intoxicated drink has a detrimental effect on the reproductive function of the body. Alcohol in beer causes the seminiferous tubules to degenerate. In addition, testosterone production is suppressed. As a result, men are becoming more and more like the fair sex. For example, their pelvis expands, their breasts are enlarged.


The problem of alcoholism has recently attracted more and more specialists from all over the world. In almost every case, this disease requires a qualified approach to treatment, as well as appropriate rehabilitation. No less important is the attention from relatives and friends, their persistent desire to help a person. We hope that all the information presented in this article will be really useful to you. Be healthy!

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