In the structure of infectious and inflammatory processes of the lower urinary tract, bladder damage occupies a leading place. In addition to the important clinical significance, this disease is also a social problem, due to the fact that the main symptom complex of the pathology gives patients serious inconvenience in everyday life, restricting their freedom of movement, making it difficult to attend work or school, reducing overall performance and causing severe physical the discomfort.
This pathology “among the people” is considered to be exclusively female, but this is not so. The disease is found everywhere in people of both sexes and various age categories. In men, such a diagnosis is made much less frequently due to the anatomical features of the urethra (longer and narrower, which prevents the infection from reaching the bladder cavity).
In children, cystitis occurs mainly in the range from four to twelve years, and boys are sick six times less often than girls. In old age, the incidence of inflammation of the bladder is completely equalized.
What antibiotics are suitable for the treatment of cystitis in women with the onset of the first symptoms of the disease?
The choice of antimicrobial agents is carried out empirically, this is due to a predictable spectrum of pathogens that cause inflammation.
However, the drug has a number of requirements:
antibiotics for cystitis and urethritis in women should have the widest possible spectrum of action and cover the entire
create high concentrations in the urine;
have a low rate of resistance in pathogenic flora;
there should be no nephrotoxicity.
At the moment, it is recommended to prescribe antibiotics for cystitis for women in short courses. This treatment regimen has proven itself and has a high level of effectiveness.
Long courses are prescribed for severe chronic forms with frequent relapses.
By duration, three and seven-day courses are distinguished.
A single dose of the drug, as a rule, is not effective and has a high risk of repeated inflammation or a complete lack of clinical effect after administration.
Such treatment is possible only in the case of mild acute cystitis, which arose for the first time.