Chlamydia trachomatis are bacterial microorganisms that are the causative agents of the infectious disease chlamydia.
ONE OF THE MOST COMMON DISEASES THAT IS TRANSMITTED AS A RESULT OF AN UNPROTECTED SEX ACT.
In women, chlamydia trachomatis causes inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary sphere, and in the absence of a comprehensive and qualified treatment can spread to the tissues of other organs and systems.
Chlamydia lead a parasitic lifestyle. After invading the female body, bacteria enter the inside of infected cells, feed on their contents and increase their numerical population.
The result of the pathogenic activity of chlamydia is the death of affected cells and damage to organ tissues, the functionality of which is gradually decreasing. According to WHO statistics, at least 100 million people become infected with chlamydial infections every year.
It is believed that on average from 5 to 15% of young people who have an active sex life are infected with pathogenic microorganisms of this species. In patients with venereological dispensaries of the Russian Federation, the causative agent of chlamydia is detected 3 times more often than gonococcal infection (causes gonorrhea).
THE MAIN DANGER OF CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS LIES IN THE FACT THAT DURING A LONG PERIOD OF TIME THEY MAY IN NO WAY SHOW THEIR PRESENCE.
After the infectious pathogen enters the body of a woman with a strong immune system, chlamydia take the L-form. Bacteria are located inside the host cells, but their pathogenic activity is minimal.
The immune system does not respond to their presence, there is no acute inflammatory process and other symptoms indicating infection with a sexually transmitted infection. A similar behavior of microorganisms is observed when women take immunostimulating and antibacterial drugs.
During a period of seasonal decline in immunity, the development of colds and respiratory diseases, the recovery of the body after operations and severe injuries, chlamydia trachomatis emerge from the L-form and enter the active phase of its development.
The numerical population of bacterial microorganisms increases dramatically, and the woman begins to experience acute symptoms of increasing inflammation. The main place of localization of chlamydia is the genitourinary system.
Types of disease
Chlamydia trachomatis are motionless gram-negative microorganisms of the cocciform type, which have the ability to disrupt the integrity of the cell membrane and penetrate into its cavity.
Urogenital chlamydia is considered one of the most common causes of non-gonococcal type urethritis. The disease occurs in 60% of all women who seek medical help with signs of a venereal infection.
The types of chlamydia caused by trachomatis chlamydia are distinguished by the antigenic serotype of the strain, as well as its parasitic region.
The serotype and type of chlamydia is determined by the venereologist according to the results of a comprehensive examination of the genitourinary system, a biochemical blood test, as well as the diagnosis of tissues of other organs, depending on the location of the infectious and inflammatory process.
Stages and degrees
Chlamydia trachomatis in women may not show their presence in any way for a long period of time.
In general, the following stages of the development of the disease are distinguished:
- Stage 1 is the incubation period during which pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the inside of the infected cell and begin to increase the numerical population (its duration depends on the patient’s immune status and can last from 14 days to 1 month);
- Stage 2 – there is a massive death of infected cells, an inflammatory process is increasing, which signals the presence of pathogenic microorganisms;
- Stage 3 – changes in the structure of the affected tissue develop, the functionality of the diseased organ decreases, signs of acute inflammation appear, swelling joins, purulent and sucrose discharge forms.
The presence of stages 1 and 2 of chlamydia contributes to a faster cure for infection with a further restoration of the functions of the infected organ. Late calls for medical care make the therapeutic process complicated, costly and time consuming.