Month: June 2020

Women Health

Stein-Leventhal Syndrome Treatment

The treatment is conservative and surgical. Conservative methods include primarily hormone therapy. Of the hormonal drugs, clomiphene is the most widely used – a synthetic non-steroidal drug. Clomiphene is prescribed at 50 mg per day for 5 days, starting from the 5th day of the menstrual cycle (explicit or latent). Spend two to three courses of treatment. Ovulation occurs 6-7 […]

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Women Health

Secondary (metastatic) ovarian tumors

Metastatic tumors make up 5-6% of ovarian cancers. Most often, ovaries metastasize tumors of the genitals, breast, gastrointestinal tract and malignant lymphomas.Damage to the ovaries occurs by implantation, hematogenous or lymphogenous. It is also possible with a direct transition of the tumor to the ovary from a neighboring organ (germination).The clinical presentation of primary and metastatic ovarian […]

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Women Health

Malignant epithelial tumors of the ovaries

Malignant epithelial tumors make up 23-25% and are true ovarian cancer. It is customary to distinguish between primary and secondary ovarian cancer. Mostly malignant epithelial tumors of the ovary are secondary, i.e. arise from previous benign or borderline cysts or cysts. More often, malignant growth occurs in serous papillary, less often – mucinous cysts. Primary ovarian cancer accounts for 4-5% of […]

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Women Health

Diagnosis of malignant epithelial ovarian tumors

Attention should be paid to the presence of a history of chronic inflammatory process of the uterine appendages, for which treatment was unsuccessful, multiple uterine nodular fibroids, menstrual dysfunction, infertility, and the presence of cancer in close relatives.Palpation and percussion of the abdomen and chest allow detecting the presence of free fluid in the abdominal […]

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Women Health

Ovarian androblastomas (Sertoli-Leydig tumors)

These tumors are very rare, accounting for less than 0.2% of malignant ovarian tumors. Androblastomas, or tumors from Sertoli and Leydig cells, usually occur under the age of 40 years, mostly from 25 to 30, but can also be in children.In most cases, they are highly differentiated malignant tumors. Less differentiated forms characterized by a more aggressive […]

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Women Health

Benign Ovarian Epithelial Tumors

Benign forms of tumors make up 60-70%, and 33% of them are tumor-like processes. In benign tumors, the epithelium grows without signs of atypia and destruction of the basement membrane.  Serous tumors (cystadenomas) Serous tumors (cystadenomas) are the most common neoplasms of the ovaries. They are found in almost all age groups (with the exception of childhood), most […]

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Women Health

Ovarian Fibroma

Ovarian fibroma occurs in 10% of cases (among all benign ovarian tumors). The surface of the tumor (usually small) is smooth, sometimes bumpy. Ovarian fibroma exceeds the size of the average male fist, develops more often in young women on the one hand. On a section, the tumor is whitish, usually without cavities, its tissues are swollen. Microscopically consists of connective […]

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Women Health

Border endometrioid ovarian tumors

Borderline endometrioid tumors are extremely rare. More often they are an integral part of endometrioid cancer and are associated with transitional variants. These tumors are often unilateral, occur in the foci of endometriosis. The frequency of malignancy of endometriosis varies from 1 to 11.4%. The morphogenetic mechanisms of the occurrence of malignant tumors in endometriosis have been little studied. A borderline type Brenner tumor is […]

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