What are the types of calories Every day we consume a certain amount of calories in order that our body has the necessary energy to ensure life and activity during the day. Calorie is a unit of energy, and each product has a certain calorie content. But they are different. For example, for normal life, you need to consume 2200 calories per day. These calories you can get from different foods – from soups, meat, cereals, carbohydrate foods, fats, sugar, etc. What is the difference between calorie content of food products? Calories everywhere, in general, the same, but the products themselves differ in composition and digestibility. For example, 500 kcal can be obtained from a full-fledged lunch with chicken soup, baked fish with vegetables and berry juice, or you can get them from a pack of French fries, two glasses of sodas or chocolates. Agree – there is a difference. In the first case, you used a useful kind of calories, you were satisfied, your menu was balanced and full, and you can wait patiently until dinner. In the second case, you got a portion of fast calories, but it’s a useless kind of calorie, they gave you a big energy boost that your body does not need, and after 2 hours you’ll want to eat again. What is the difference between calories, and what kinds are there?
Harmful and healthy calories
The main source of calories in food is carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are divided into complex, contained in cereals, cereals, legumes, vegetables, and saccharides, or fast carbohydrates – this is actually sugar, chocolate, confectionery, honey, refined fats, sweet vegetables and fruits. If in the first case the food is digested slowly, the body needs time and strength to break up complex carbohydrates, besides such products contain a lot of useful – proteins, vitamins, amino acids, microelements, in the second case you just eat a large piece of calories that are not backed up practically no more nutrients. Such food does not satiate, the carbohydrates contained in it are fast carbohydrates, which very quickly split, release a large amount of energy that only confuses the body and quickly ends. In the first case, you eat healthy calories, and in the second – empty, extra calories, which, most likely, will be stored in fat stores. Fast calories can be eaten when you need large energy resources – before a workout, on a hike or before an exam, you can eat a chocolate bar or a sweet pear. If you are very hungry between meals, you can eat an apple – the monosaccharides contained in it are quickly absorbed into the blood and give you the necessary cheerfulness. That’s why it’s usually advised to use fruit for snacks. Unfortunately, as a rule, calories come to us in the sweet, and not in the fruit. Calories in sweet – it’s just sugar, whereas calories in fruits – it’s also vitamins, and amino acids, and fiber. In other cases, there is no need for extra calories – they only increase the calorie content of your food and increase the likelihood that you will gain excess weight. You have often felt that after a hearty dinner with dessert you just fall asleep on the go? This is due precisely to the large amount of fast carbohydrates consumed, which the body needs to urgently process – that’s what strains all its forces to produce insulin, which will take up fast calories. And large doses of insulin can subsequently lead to diabetes mellitus. Useful calories give you energy dosed – just as much as you need to feel good 4 more hours before the next meal. Their processing takes place not in such an emergency mode and does not burden the body. As a result – you keep cheerfulness and the necessary supply of vitality throughout the day. This kind of calories does not harm you, it helps. Useful calories should be 70% of daily calorie content, while fast calories should not exceed 3.5%. And it is desirable to eat the bulk of fast carbohydrates and calories in a sweet form in the morning hours – excess energy will not hurt you in the morning, and by the end of the day it will have time to be completely reworked by the body. In general, with this type of calories should be more careful and try to get it from useful products – fruits or honey. From what type of calorie you consume and how much, depends on whether you risk gaining excess weight or not, and also whether you are at risk of diabetes.