The neurotransmitter is

The neurotransmitter is: the definition, functions and features
Neurotransmitters of the brain are substances about which we know little, but which affect the quality of our life, our state of health and our mood. Thanks to them, we can experience a feeling of pleasure or depression, be active or relaxed.

What are neurotransmitters?

Neurotransmitters are biochemical substances, the main function of which is the transfer of impulses between neurons. By impulse, in simplified language, information is meant, for example, a guide to action if it makes a connection between the neuron of the brain and the neuron of the muscle tissue. That is, the neurotransmitter is the mediator involved in the transfer of momentum between nerve cells. There are three systems of neurotransmitters: amino acids; peptides; monamine. Mediators from each group act on the nervous system in one way or another. For example, exciting it or hindering it.

Hormones of pleasure

Of all the neurotransmitters, serotonin and dopamine are the most familiar. They are called “pleasure hormones”, but what is meant by this term, not everyone knows.
Serotonin really is a hormone of pleasure. Its high concentration in the body causes a person a feeling of bliss, relaxation, serene joy. That is, it can be classified as a neurotransmitter with a retarding effect. Dopamine, on the contrary, encourages a person to act. But its difference from other exciting neurotransmitters is that it is developed to motivate people to perform activities that will bring a person pleasure in obtaining the result or on the way to it. Important is the fact that these neurotransmitter substances are antagonists. When a person’s dopamine level rises, serotonin falls. For example, a person plans to go in for sports and believes that after the training will experience a sense of pleasure. The increase in dopamine will prompt a person to immediately begin to work, he will be anxious when delayed.

After he performs the desired (will carry out the planned training), the level of dopamine will drop, and serotonin, on the contrary, will increase. And a person can enjoy the result of the work done. It is important that the interaction of substances does not work in the reverse order. That is, a low level of serotonin does not entail an increase in dopamine without fail.


Antidepressants are an extremely necessary thing when a person is on the verge of life and death due to a mood disorder.
The word “antidepressants” is alarming. We do not know much about mental disorders, especially if we are not interested in this specifically. Around mental disorders – if not a halo of romanticism and mystery, then frightening stories. There are also those who consider antidepressants to be dangerous drugs that change personality and cause addiction and terrible consequences. Because of this, sometimes those who need treatment refuse it. Suddenly, all these stories are true? understands how everything really is: what are antidepressants and why they are needed, how they are applied, whether they cause side effects and addiction, whether they can be canceled at any time and why it is normal to take them, if necessary.

What are antidepressants
Antidepressants are substances that affect the functioning of the central nervous system, and as the name implies, they are mainly used in the treatment of depression.

These drugs relieve the sensations of melancholy, apathy, anxiety, anxiety, irritability, tension, increase the activity of the psyche, normalize appetite and sleep. To understand how antidepressants work, you need to understand how the nervous system works.


Now there are several types, certain groups that affect the pathogenic organisms (except for broad-spectrum drugs). To determine the purpose of the drug, the doctor must accurately determine the type of infectious disease, pathogen and sensitivity to the selected active substance.

At appointment all is considered: age, weight of the patient, allergic reactions, severity of the disease. It is impossible to reduce the dose and interrupt treatment if the condition improves. This attitude to therapy can lead to further deterioration of the condition, loss of therapeutic effect, and the adaptation of bacteria to the antibiotic.

If it is not possible to accurately determine the type and type of pathogen, then broad-spectrum drugs are used that affect a number of pathogenic microbes.

The effect of antibiotics on the body

There are no medicines that can cure diseases without detriment to the human body. This applies to any medications, including antibiotics. But without the use of medications prescribed by a doctor, it is impossible to cope with severe infectious diseases. Such is the pattern.

A bit of history

In 1928 a new era began in medical practice – the era of antibiotics. It was then that the action of penicillin was discovered. To replace the high early mortality from infections, it’s time to increase the life expectancy of people. Antibiotics changed the world. Their use has put an end to raging epidemics, infectious pandemics, and massive infections. However, did the use of antibiotic drugs become a panacea for salvation or a curse for humans?

The very name of the medicines of such an action in translation from Latin means “against life”. Active active substances of such drugs are fighting the vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms.

The effects of antibiotics on microorganisms

The action of antibiotics is a directed fight against the negative activity of pathogenic microorganisms that penetrated the human body. Antibiotic drugs work purposefully on pathogenic microbes, without affecting the vital abilities of cells. But you can not use antibiotics on any occasion. Overabundance of drugs leads to a heavy load on many organs, causing a malfunction in their work. Unfortunately, these preparations are characterized by the destruction of not only the pathogenic environment, which is the root cause of many diseases.

Antibiotics are harmful to many positive bacteria that maintain a normal state of the microflora, especially the gastrointestinal tract, digestive system, mucous membranes. Useful bacteria are present in all places where there is a possibility of contact with foreign bodies. So the balance is realized. Its change is fraught with disproportionate growth of antagonists. Disorder and imbalance in the body leads to dysbiosis. Incorrect use of antibiotics involves a series of different abnormalities. And the lack of necessary treatment can lead to chronic illnesses and even death.

Antibiotics – a group of drugs that affect infectious bacteria. They have no effect on viruses and fungi. Therefore, the use of such drugs is inappropriate in the following cases:

  • Viral diseases, not burdened by bacterial infections.
  • Diarrhea, which is a digestive disorder, not caused by pathogens.
  • Symptomatic cold, in the absence of bacterial infection.
  • Glistovye infestations.
  • Diseases provoked by the simplest, for example, Giardia.
  • Fungal diseases.
  • Allergic reactions to irritants and allergens.

That is why, before using drugs of this type, you should conduct laboratory tests, identifying the cause and inflammatory nature of the disease.

If it is established that the infectious disease is bacterial, if it is found that without the use of antibiotics, treatment will not be successful, then a proper selection of these funds is required.

What should I do to save the work of the spleen as much as possible?

Splenic organ is responsible for the action of moisture in the body. When antibiotics disrupt the functioning of the spleen, the body accumulates fluid and forms sputum.

This causes the development of pathologies (inflammatory processes of the ear, tonsillitis, allergies, spleen accumulation, which leads to cough and respiratory tract ailments).

Given the weakened state of this body after the constant use of such drugs to fully recover, it is unable, therefore the need for antibiotic use increases, they are prescribed already with less life-threatening diseases. Therefore, the use of antibiotics should be treated with extreme caution, and it is better to use them only if it is impossible to fully recover with other medicines or herbal medicine. The latter type of therapy allows you to achieve maximum effect with the help of individually selected by the doctor herbal collections that help to eliminate the imbalance of body immunity.

A healthy spleen lends itself to rapid recovery after active use of antibiotics.

This method requires constant medical control and changes in therapy. The constant use of a new collection of herbs with antimicrobial properties allows you to cure more than one disease, and the whole body. But in relation to some people it almost does not work, therefore it is necessary to resort to treatment by medicines, including antibiotics. Therefore, the more cautious the person will be about treating antibiotics, the less he will be ill in the future.

Why is immunity violated?

By provoking the destruction and complete destruction of the necessary microorganisms, antibiotics weaken the immune system. For bacteria and fungi of the gastrointestinal tract, the absence of which disrupts the digestive function or makes it impossible, such effects are dangerous. These microorganisms allow to correctly digest and assimilate the substances coming from food. Destroy and yeast fungi, responsible for the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

Killing simultaneously pathogenic and necessary bacteria, antibiotics disrupt the functioning of many body systems, thereby reducing the immunity of the patient. With such actions, the general condition of the patient worsens. Thus, an anomalous increase in the number of yeast fungi can occur, which increases the risk of their escape from the intestine and penetration into other areas of the body. There is an immediate reaction of immunity, directed against fungal bacteria in unintentional places for them – the body begins to fight them. Yeast fungi begin to release harmful enzymes for immunity and cause an imbalance in the hormonal background of the body.

With increased permeability of the intestine, penetration of the yeast fungal decomposition products occurs, the immunity begins to fight them, thereby developing an allergy to those foods that a healthy person does not experience allergies.

The main negative effects of antibiotics on beneficial bacteria:

  • there is a strong permeability of the intestine;
  • the hormonal background is broken;
  • develops an allergic reaction to a certain type of food;
  • a violation of the immune system due to persistent allergic reactions;
  • development of autoimmune pathologies in the form of rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune
  • glomerulonephritis, Crohn’s disease and other ailments;
  • one of the most serious consequences is the development of immunodeficiency, immunological infertility
  • and oncological diseases.

Thus, the functioning of immunity can be violated until the stage of incorrect identification of dangerous bacteria and the destruction of their own. Specialists of Oriental medicine believe that if antibiotics have disrupted the function of digestion in a patient, then the spleen is damaged. Signs of this condition are liquid stools, flatulence and bloating. Dysfunction of the spleen causes a lack of biological energy necessary for the body. In patients, a feeling of freezing in the limbs, a worsened appetite, fatigue, the acquisition of unhealthy complexion.

How antibiotics affect children’s body

How antibiotics affect children’s body

Antibiotics are excellent for treating infections caused by bacteria, fungi and protozoa. In the presence of diseases that cause the above pathogens, without the help of antibiotics can not cope in any way.

The harmful effects of antibiotics on the child’s body (in one way or another) are manifested in the following situations:

When the wrong preparation.

Very often parents, in case of illness of their beloved, do not always hurry to consult a doctor. Having seen the familiar (or similar) symptoms of the disease, they independently prescribe the child treatment, based on previous experience. Usually such “treatment” ends with certain complications and even hospitalization of the baby.

When the necessary duration of treatment is not observed.

Typically, antibiotics are prescribed for a course of 5 to 10 days (in some situations and up to 14 days). Quite a frequent phenomenon – the abolition of treatment for 2-3 days of taking an antibiotic. Mom explained their position as the only excuse: “The child has become better! Here he is already running, jumping and the temperature is within the norm. Why should he be stuffed with chemistry? ” And they stop treatment at the stage of visible improvement. Usually, after a few days, they again visit the doctor with previous complaints and symptoms. But only the state of the child after such “initiative” already requires more serious treatment.
When together with the antibacterial drug an antiallergic agent is prescribed. Antibiotics, like any other pharmaceutical preparations, can cause an allergic reaction. That is why it is very irrational to take antibiotics and antihistamines together. In this situation, you will never know if a certain antibiotic is like a baby or not.

When a child takes antibiotics too often.

Now many people will have a question: “How often is it like?”. The concept is slightly stretchable. Let’s find out what specialists think about the frequency of taking antibiotics. Pediatricians claim that if a baby takes antibacterial drugs (if necessary, following all recommendations) 2-4 times a year, then this treatment should not bring any particular harm to his body. Serious negative consequences may occur in the case of more frequent prescribing of these drugs (monthly or more than 5-6 times per year) without proper restorative therapy.

When is it possible to do without antibiotics?

All mummies can be conditionally divided into 2 groups (according to their relation to antibacterial drugs):

The first group blindly supports the erroneous opinion that any childhood illness can be cured without the help of antibiotics. These drugs act for them in the role of a kind of monster, which devours the immunity and gastrointestinal tract of the baby. Very often, such ladies, hearing the word “antibiotic”, start to be horrified and wonder: “How so? What for? Yes, do not need this to you! “. After that, be ready to listen to a lecture about what antibiotics are dangerous for children and the flow of tips on how to treat carapaces without resorting to the help of these drugs.

The second group of mothers are ardent adherents of antibiotic therapy who are ready to treat a commonplace cold with strong antibiotics. Their position they argue by the fact that only these drugs help their children quickly recover.

We would like to draw your attention to the fact that the above-described positions are fundamentally erroneous and one should not fall into such extremes. The influence of antibiotics on the children’s body is very multifaceted, but there are situations when it is impossible to do without these drugs:

  • with the course of the disease in acute form (purulent inflammatory processes, pneumonia, pyelonephritis);
  • in certain cases with exacerbation of chronic diseases;
  • period after surgery;
  • if there is a bacterial infection;
  • at relapses (if after recovery symptoms of the disease are repeated again) of certain diseases;
  • if there is a mixed infection;
  • with infectious conditions that threaten the baby’s life;
  • with certain changes in the general analysis of blood (a high number of leukocytes and a shift of the leukocyte formula to the left).

For “lovers of antibiotic therapy,” it should be emphasized once again that antibiotics do not affect viruses and do not contribute to lowering body temperature, so it is absolutely not worthwhile to engage in self-medication and take them “to prevent possible complications”.

Likbez about yoga, part 2

Yoga is an invention of parasites for the gradual genocide of white people

In yoga there is no reasonable hierarchy, in it there is no system at all. Each guru actually uses his yoga, which he himself came up with, so that there was something to take money for. Therefore, it is necessary to exercise extreme caution …

Likbez about yoga, part 2

2. Just need to find a good, correct yoga teacher!

And then supposedly there will be no harm, but there will be a continuous benefit. So many fans of this strange occupation think. But none is able to offer an adequate way how to distinguish a good teacher from a bad one. What will you navigate? If you go to study at a public school, institute, sports section – you are dealing there with an official organization and certified teachers who are trained according to state standards, use proven methods and scientific knowledge.

This does not guarantee you of course the high quality of teaching. But, let’s say, the probability that you will come to the classroom, and then they will begin to teach you a thread of delirium of the type of astrology or start to call up spirits – is close to zero. That is, you can be sure that, at the very least, no harmful nonsense is being poured into your head.

But in the case of yoga, there are no common standards, rules and techniques. Every guru comes up with his own, to his taste. How his left heel will like. Moreover, he himself can not care less about them at any moment, no one is ordering him.

Since there is no single, standardized system in yoga, and every guru comes up with his own school, then all you can do is trust in this particular school. And her filthy letters, which they call certificates.

Yogic schools, of course, try to imitate the official systems – that is, they also organize some multistage courses for instructors, issue diplomas, organize institutes and academies. But this is exactly the same linden as in the case of clairvoyance courses and academies of bioenergyinformatics.

So, for the official status, on the state. certificates you can not navigate. They are simply not in yoga.

You can certainly try to choose a school / teacher by experience and fame. Proceeding from the fact that a famous guru surely cares about his good name and will try not to harm you. In the end, usually they have books with their methods, on which you can navigate, and which can be checked. There is some logic in this. But in practice this does not work.

Take the same BKS. Iyengar, creator of the most widespread yoga school in the world, the greatest guru of all gur. Well, in the top three of the steepest he surely enters (entered more accurately until recently, because he recently died).

And most importantly, this is perhaps the most mild school of yoga. It is considered the most adapted, non-violent, most calm and safe of all the world’s schools of yoga. It is not by chance that the enlightened guruji writes various warnings in his cult book “Clarifying Yoga”:

– during exercise there should be no excessive tension in the facial muscles, in the ears and eyes, or in the breath;

– incorrect performance of asanas after a few days cause unpleasant sensations and stress. This indicates that the lessons are being conducted incorrectly; and other blah blah blah

To me in the comments, too, yogis with rumors about the fact that “the unshakable rule of yoga” are cautious, gradual and nonviolent, evidently read such storytellers .In fact, this great guru, in general, does not care about his own recommendations and all these unshakable rules.

In fact, he can get a pupil on his back to make him bend more, he does not hesitate in using external violence when taking a pose as a student, as evidenced by numerous photos and videos.

Violent execution of complex asanas is not something that is not an exception, but rather a rule for Indian yoga schools.

Here is another testimony about another guru, from the yoga lover Andrei Sidersky:

“Another bright illustration of the authentic approach to teaching and practicing Hatha Yoga, I observed a few days after the end of the Delhi championship. This happened in the hall of Vishvaytan Yogashrama (now the Morarji Desai Institute), where Igor Alexandrovich and Bal Mukund Singh sat on the floor drinking tea. When Igor and I came to Singh, he was just giving the next assignment to a plump blond lady of post-Balzac age. “Who is this? I asked. “Ah, from the French embassy, I do yoga therapy with her,” Singh replied. We began to drink tea and talk about something, the lady was doing something on her rug, when suddenly Mukund Singh is a respected consultant of the Government of the Republic of India on yoga, honored Guruji and a yoga master, successor to the great Brahmachari and methodologist of the government institution – jumped to his feet, ran to the fat elderly woman who was just at that very moment performing the pashchimotanasana (stretched oblique sitting), and began to ride like a mad monkey on the back of the venerable Frenchwoman, joyfully screaming in a throaty voice: “Deeper !! Deeper! “(Deeper, deeper). On the helplessly squeezed question from below: “Maybe, tomorrow? ..” (Maybe tomorrow), followed by an equally heart-rendingly joyous uncompromising answer: “NOW !!! NOW !!! “(Now! Now !!!) and another series of desperate jumps on the spine of a very large aunt bent in three deaths … Then, when my aunt left, and we drank tea, I asked Singh:” Hey, my friend, what are you doing? How can you be done? “(Alle, friend, what are you doing, how can you do this?). To which Singh replied with a laugh: “It MUST be done. She already can. Just to show her that there is nothing to be afraid of. I jumped over her back. She knows that the worst is over. Now she can, just need to show her that there is nothing to fear, I jumped on her back, she knows that the worst thing is over. Now this position is no longer a problem for her) … ”

Someone else here wants to tell something about the correct gradualness in yoga and honored teachers?

Well, even if the great Indian gurus give such an example – what can we expect then from ordinary instructors?

By the way, here are the results from such exercises (Sidersky):

“And after the photo session, Bal Mukund Singh quietly asked Igor:” Do you want me to show you something? “” Well? – answered Igor. Singh called one of the guys, told him to turn his back and said to Igor: “Tuck a finger in his spine at the level of the waist.” Igor obeyed and pressed his index finger on the guy’s back somewhere at the level of the upper lumbar spine. The finger fell in the back. There was no spine under it. Igor was in shock. “Here,” explained Bal Mukund Singh, “because of the practice of hyper-bends, his spine has warped, the lumbar lordosis has acquired a catastrophic form, the spine has gone deeper and now he maims the insides. Another two or three years, and the guy is disabled. It is already impossible to help him … ”

By the way, Iyengar himself also got serious problems with the locomotor apparatus by the age of 60. The official version says that he allegedly damaged the spine and legs in the car accident, and then some other accidents were.

There are reasons not to believe the word of this comrade, who wrote a complete book of nonsense (“Clarifying Yoga”), like the following:

allegedly burns fat from the pelvis and hips (Sic!)

It is hard to believe the word of a man who proclaims his adherence to the “Yoga Sutras of Patanjali” as the main source of yogic practice and while ignoring the blue eye is the fact that there are no asanas in the “Patanjali” and the only thing that is said about them – the posture [for meditation] should be firm and comfortable.

But if you can not trust the supreme guru in anything, if he operates with some absurd inventions and violent actions – then how can you trust his disciples?

OK, some adepts say, – I believe first of all to my body! If yoga classes with this teacher are comfortable, do not cause any pain and problems – then the teacher is good!

In this position, there are several vulnerabilities at once.

1) Not always pain means harm, in physical culture it is exactly the other way around. For example, in fitness classes often have to endure, if you want to get the effect. Pain (burning) should occur in the muscles during the exercise “to failure” – and this is normal. The most useful disposable exercise can and should even cause pain with the right technique. Just need to know what kind of pain can and should be tolerated, and which – you can not in any case.

Here you come to a yoga class and you are offered to take some pizdravasana. How do you or your teacher know what sensations are acceptable in it, and which ones are not? After all, there is no scientific research, and the book from the guru, where this asana is offered, is just a set of nonsense from the point of view of science and medicine?

2) If you do not have any pain / discomfort NOW this does not mean that you do not spoil your health for the future. Sometimes the harm can be severely delayed. For example, if you have problems with varicose veins, you are strictly counter-indicative of any postures that impede blood circulation in the legs. All these seats are kneeling, crossing legs, etc.

Spoiled veins at first do not give themselves out, but will be shot after many years. In general, this topic requires a whole post, and this will just be the third part of the educational program.

As a postscript, I would like to add that, of course, there is always a chance to meet such a good teacher of yoga who, having medical education and clinical experience, will simply throw out useless / harmful poses or modify them in the right direction, take into account all medical contra-indications of students and in fact, turn yoga into a healthy exercise.

But, if he is not only clever, but also an honest man, then he will throw it together and this is a fashionable name. Why would he deceive him? So, if a person says that he is doing yoga classes, this should already cause suspicion in itself.

Likbez about yoga, part 3

3. Yoga is safe, if you approach with intelligence! No fanaticism, you have to listen to your body and do everything gradually! And if you feel that you are getting better – then yoga is useful.

So the apologists of yoga speak most often. Of course, there is some truth in this position, but in general this is also a profound error. To cause irreparable harm to your health with the help of yoga can be very comfortable and gradual. It provides a lot of opportunities for this. Here are just some of them.

1) it is overgrowth of ligaments.

It must be understood that the joint retains the ligaments. These are such dense rags that attach to the bones and tighten the joint. They do not allow him to break into pieces and limit the amplitude of the motion, so that you can not bend the limbs anywhere.

And these ligaments have such a disgusting feature – elasticity limited to about 10% stretching along the length [Dr. James Garrick, M.D., orthopedic surgeon, Peak Condition]. That is, if you at least once exceeded this threshold, they will never fall back. The joint will remain hypermobile for the rest of life. And this hypermobility is fraught with very unpleasant consequences, up to the complete destruction of the joint due to osteoarthritis. This is a medical fact. Accordingly, it is not necessary to be surprised by similar certificates from doctors:

Yoga may be good for your karma, but it’s terrible for your knees. Yoga can be good for your karma, but it’s terrible for your knees.

An Indian orthopedic surgeon claims that he performed an operation to replace knee joints already by many famous yoga gurus, and this was caused by the adoption of yoga poses. Problems arise in ordinary pupils. He gives examples of such traumatic knees poses – inflection to the knees, a pose of lightning (vajrasana), in which yogis often sit in the performance of breathing exercises (pranayama)

This last well does not look like extreme, does it?

Of course, this is not news for a long time, and experienced practitioners try to avoid these dangers.

For example, in order to avoid overstretching of the ligaments, it is recommended that when performing the asana, closely monitor the sensations in order to limit the stretching only by the muscles, but not by the joints of the joint. Never feel the stretching in the joints [Dr Garrik]

So you, lovers of “gradual yoga” – how do you imagine it? How do you distinguish the harmful stretching of the ligaments from the useful stretching of the muscles?

It is impossible to do this in terms of the amplitude of motion, we all have an individual length of ligaments and what is normal for one will be an unacceptable deformation for another. Moreover, he will not experience any pain! After all, the ligaments can simply be slowly pulled to non-physiological values and that’s all. In the article on the link above the companion writes – it is impossible that there were sensations inside the joint. About the pain of speech does not go. Are you sure you will be able to recognize these feelings?

There are still shouting objecting: but what about gymnasts, dancers, athletes? Yes, they also suffer. But they are taking a professional risk. No one promises them eternal youth and health, like yoga. In addition, increased mobility of the joint can be compensated by pumping it with muscles.

What is the basis of all sports training techniques, but not yogic? The sports stretch is just one of the elements in a powerful dynamic preparation, strengthening the ligaments, tendons and muscles. Yogis are abusing static. Have you ever seen at least one running / jumping / spinning guru on the bar? Their health is sufficient only with a grief in half to reach the hall and twist there in the pretzel.

So: any practitioner of yoga, seriously risks to inflict long-term harm to the joints, even without the patience of pain or special violence against oneself.

2) And are you all right with the veins?

The fact is that with varicose veins, to which 89% of women and up to 66% of men in developed countries are subject to different estimates, the body positions that impede blood circulation in the legs are categorically contraindicated. In general, with varicose veins, even sitting, throwing his foot on his leg – it is impossible. And you need to move as much as possible – to walk, swim.

And what do we see in yoga? Everything is exactly the opposite

The king of all asanas, the card of yoga, the most important is the lotus position.

It can be called simply – Hello Varicose!

Yes, just crossed in any way the legs are unacceptable. And what is characteristic is that you will not feel anything harmful. Year after year you will be engaged in this chuhnyu, and your veins somewhere under the skin will get worse and worse. When the venous nodes creep in with age, it will be too late, only surgical intervention will remain.

Strictly speaking, with varicose veins, ordinary yoga should be contraindicated because of static stress and sedentary postures. Although in principle you can certainly make a set of therapeutic exercises for varicose veins and call it for some reason yoga. And the meaning? And where is yoga in general?

3) And more, with regard to the connection of yoga and well-being.

Quite often there is such a motive – “thanks to yoga, I feel good.” This can be objected to by a yoga aphorism from Patanjali (hehehe): “what seems good now can eventually become a problem; what seems useful now, in time can turn into harm … ”

Learn the match in this way, comrades of yoga!

Likbez about yoga, part 1

Yoga – is another, dangerous deception of parasites, part 1

Yoga and “smart Hindus” – this is another major blend invented by parasites to deceive the white population of the planet. The author shows that there is not even a clear definition of Yoga, and not just an “ancient” system of something there …

Likbez about yoga, part 1

When you talk about the harm of yoga, many similar comments and objections from its lovers come in. They all boil down to such moments:

– wrong yoga is harmful, and correct yoga is useful.

Bad teachers do harm.

– The stupid practice (fanaticism, excess, incapacity) is harmful.

– Yoga is the wisest teaching, proven by millennia.

– the benefits of yoga are confirmed by scientific research.

Here, a session of exposure and disruption of the covers suggests itself. In my answer, I will rely mainly on one of the best monographs on the yoga of Mark Singleton’s “The Body of Yoga: the Origins of Modern Postural Practice.” This is a doctoral dissertation, very thoroughly exploring the history of yoga from the very beginning, with a bunch of references and citations. If for someone it is important – then the author is a great yoga lover.

1. What is yoga?

This is in fact a key question, the answer to which explains a lot and removes many objections at once. In fact, – what is yoga? Physiotherapy? Breathing exercises? Bullying a body? Diet? Lifestyle? Meditation? Service to God? All this together? Or some combination of these or other elements?

Fun is that no one knows what yoga is. Nobody has the right to the formulation – “yoga is this and that and that”. One can only say that “in the opinion of such and such Vasi Pupkin, yoga is blah-blah-blah.” Because there is no specific and generally accepted definition, and there are no specific generally accepted methods.

In different countries, at different times yoga is understood and understood as diametrically opposed practices, with absolutely different goals and absolutely different methods of achieving them. There were 100,000 gurus in the story, and each one devised his yoga. In the ancient Indian texts are mentioned a variety of yogis – and which one is correct, real?

Now in the West (and in Russia, respectively), yoga is a synonym for some health improving gymnastics, supposedly of ancient Indian origin (in fact, this is an insolent lie, but more about this later). Usually such yoga-gymnastics is called postural (pose), or hatha yoga.

And there were times when yoga was not something that was not associated with accepting any poses, and this connection was directly denied by most gurus and explorers, and pose yoga was utterly cursed. Mark Singleton writes:

“For at least three decades after the publication of Raja Yoga, popular yoga literature in both India and the West continues to be viewed with suspicion or simply ignored hatha yoga. Krishnan Lal Sondhi quotes excerpts from the journal of the Institute of Innovative Yoga of Sri Jogendra, founded in 1918: “In India, recently, there has been a tendency to avoid hatha yoga as something undesirable and even dangerous. Even great minds like Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Ramana Maharshi, speak only of raja yoga, bhakti-yoga, jnana-yoga, etc., that is, those yogis that are related to higher mental processes and disciplines, and consider hatha yoga something dangerous or unnecessary … “(Sondhi 1962: 63).

“Yoga-posturalists,” the recipients of the postures, until the beginning of the 20th century were considered simply booby clowns and degenerates. Again Singleton:

“For decades before and after reforming yoga Vivekananda, common to European science, was to characterize yogis as dangerous, mendicant tricksters, often in opposition to the contemplative, pious practices of” true “yoga. In this sense, science has facilitated the placement of hatha yogis with their practitioners beyond acceptable religious rites. For example, the American Sanskritologist E.V. Hopkins in his work “Religions of India” in 1885, writes that “yogi jugglers” today share with Islamic fakirs the reputation of “not so much ascetics as scammers …” (E.W. Hopkins1970 [1885]: 486 n.1).

/ – /

“Two years later, V.J. Wilkins in Modern Hinduism wrote that the yogis were simply “fortune tellers,” “wizards,” and “jugglers” who impose themselves on ignorant and gullible people (Wilkins, 87). No author considers these yogis as legitimate representatives of Hinduism and does not give any serious attention to their religious worldview or their practices, as effective in themselves. It is worth noting an essay on the techniques of yoga in the “Great Epic” by Hopkins (1901), which gives “classical” and “Vedic” examples of ascetic practices, but “these specimens,” he believes, “do not have brains in their heads” and “almost idiots” (1901: 370). He insists that it would be a mistake to consider postural asceticism – such as the well-known posture in which the yogi holds his foot behind the neck (“shirshasana’s ekapada” from Iyengar) – like yoga, despite the fact that a practitioner can call himself a yogi … ”

Here, Hinduism constantly pedals, because from time immemorial, yoga could be divided into two, slightly overlapping subsets: “yoga religion” and “yoga sport.” Each of these large directions in turn was broken up into dozens, if not hundreds of sub-variants. Singleton in the historical part of his monograph cites numerous examples of such “yogic schools”:

– in the 16th and 18th centuries these were simply gangs of bandits who practiced one of the Indian pagan cults and engaged in banditry and mercenaries.

– Then – street fakirs-beggars.

– followers of Krishna and other Hinduism, engaged in religious meditations.

– Indian bodybuilders early 20 th century, bred in India after the tour there, Eugene Sandova.

– revolutionary circles of young people engaged in gymnastics to strengthen the body and spirit.

– mugs of hand-to-hand fighting to fight against English colonization.

– followers of Vivekananda, engaged exclusively in meditative raja yoga.

Here’s about the last Singleton wrote:

“For our purposes, it is important that Vivekananda uncompromisingly rejects the body practices of Hatha Yoga uncompromisingly, completely and completely,” We have nothing to do with it here, because its practices are very difficult, can not be mastered in a day and do not lead to spiritual growth … “(Vivekananda 1992 [1896]: 20). He recognizes that while “one or two simple lessons of hatha yoga are very useful” (namely, neti-kriya or a nose wash with a headache), the main task and result of hatha yoga is “to make people long-livers” and give them perfect health – is the lowest goal for the seeker of spiritual knowledge … ”

Or take the same Blavatsky:

“The Hatha Yogi for Blavatsky is an ignorant sorcerer, the embodiment of” thristy-distilled egoism “(1982d: 160), which communicates with the devil, and his ascetic practices are a kind of” hereditary disease “…”

In this regard, it was especially ridiculous for me to read the comments on the post from the fanatics of yoga who were terribly offended for their favorite postural yoga, which I defined as the dregs of ignorant savages sucked from the dirty finger.

Actually, I did not say anything new, but actually quoted the most famous Indian and Western thinkers. It was this attitude that prevailed to postural yoga and to those who do it, right up to the beginning of the 20th century. Just before the researchers were not shy in the expressions.

Hatha Yoga (in the form of health gymnastics) has been rehabilitated both in India itself and in the West literally in the last decades. Moreover, thanks to the fact that Western gymnastic techniques for developing the body penetrated into India, and the “real” Hatha Yoga was bashfully put in a dusty closet.

Here is the time to tell what is the correct Hatha Yoga, and why it caused such disgust for everyone. For this, one must turn to Indian written sources. Here the fans of yoga are waiting for another shocking discovery – no ancient treatises on yoga simply do not exist, and those sources that are – can not be taken seriously.

Two not only, but the most “great” and most popular ancient Indian texts about yoga – Patanjali (presumably the beginning of the millennium) and Hatha Yoga Pradipika (around the 15th and 16th centuries) – are literally a few pages of text. Moreover, the extremely ridiculous and unreasonable texts. Contradicting each other and themselves.

All that is said about the asanas (pose) in Patanjali – “the pose must be stable and comfortable.” Oops! Is it necessary to explain that one phrase completely kills all modern postural yoga? And this is not surprising, because in fact, Patanjali is the canonical text of yoga religion. However, what is the correct yoga religion from there still does not know.

In Patanjali, the second line is a line that they try to pass out for the definition of yoga:

yogaś-citta-vṛtti-nirodhaḥ yogash-citta-vrtti-nirodha

This is a text in the dead language of Sanskrit, which no one can translate unambiguously. Here are the variants of translations of this phrase I met in the Internet:

1) When you are in a state of yoga, all misunderstandings of human existence disappear.

2) Yoga is the containment of the functions of the mind.

3) Yoga is the ability to direct the mind exclusively to the object and keep this direction, without being distracted.

4) Yoga is the cessation of the activity of consciousness.

5) Yoga is the suppression of Vritti (states, modifications) in Chitta (consciousness).

6) The essence of Yoga is to keep the matter of thought from accepting it of various modifications.

Well, how? If only four words can suck such a variety of interpretations – what kind of understanding of yoga based on Patanjali in general you can say? Even if the basic concepts are not defined? Chitta is either consciousness in general, or thoughts, or emotions, or focused attention. Or all this together?

Because of the difficulties of translation, in fact, the guiding texts are now used by the fantasies of translators and interpreters. The original source, as such, is not, but there is simply a set of vague and incoherent phrases, which each translates as it pleases.

This is somewhat similar to quatrains, the “prophecies” of Nostradamus, from which, if desired, you can suck any event in any era.

But here it is necessary to understand that Patanjali is still flowers, there are no bodily practices in fact there, it is a philosophical and religious text.

But they are in abundance in the “Hatha Yoga Pradipika”, which it is better not to read a full stomach. The fact is that this “treatise” describes in detail various steps and steps on the way to higher enlightenment and eternal youth. Among other things, it is proposed to do the following:

– To live a real yogi in a small house without windows, smeared with shit (apparently in a kennel or cave?).

– Every day he must prune himself with a sharp knife base of the tongue and pull it upward to touch the bridge of the nose. (When it can be done – you have reached eternal happiness and bliss!).

– It is also useful to sit in the water to the navel, inserting a bamboo tube in the ass. This also somehow enlightens.

– Every day you need to swallow five-meter strips of tissue, and then pull them back – it purports to purify the digestive tract. In my opinion kabezdets esophagus is guaranteed, no?

– Well, on the sweet – you can spit on all the covenants and diets, but if you during sex with a woman blowing a tube of semen back into the penis – you’ll be the coolest yogi!

Well, how?

It is clear that modern hatha yoga does not do anything, in view of obvious inconveniences. They prefer to read there, they do not read there, and there they wrap the fish.

But sorry, then what right have you to say to yourself that you are engaged in hatha yoga? What do you use for thousands of years proven methods? The real hatha yoga is she, in the Pradipika. I do not like? Is it out of date? Well, then there is nothing to tryndet about ancient Indian wisdom and that kind of nonsense.

What the modern hatha yogis are doing is a lesser part – randomly torn exercises (on the principle of the least ugly) from the canonical texts, and mostly invented by the various poses of guru-scammers from yoga, which in Pradipik does not smell.

This is a ridiculous story.

The founder of modern pose yoga is Krishnamacharya, who taught yoga in the first half of the 20th century and his most famous disciples: Iyengar, Joyce, Devi, Desikachar. At 99%, what is practiced now in the western yoga centers is all the fictions of this gang of watering can.

They naturally invented a bunch of idiotic poses, on their way, that they took them from the most ancient Indian treatise “The Yoga of Kuruntus” and some other books that nobody saw in the eye, because they either burned in a fire, or they were eaten by ants.

Singleton writes:

“Yoga Kuruntu” is one of the “lost” texts, which became central to the teachings of Krishnamacharya. It is quite another matter of the “Yoga Rahasya” of Shri Nathamuni, which Krishnamacharya took visually at the age of sixteen. Some learned husbands believe that the stanzas “Yoga Rahasya” is a patchwork of other, more famous texts, plus Krishnamacharya’s own additions (Somdeva Vasudeva, personal communication on March 20, 2005), while some students of Krishnamacharya question the origin of the work itself . For example, Shrivats Ramaswami, who had been engaged in Krishnamacharya for more than thirty-three years, until his death in 1989, recalls that when he asked the teacher where the text “Yoga Rahasya” could be got, he “with a laugh” advised the Ramaswami to visit Help in the Saraswati Mahal Library in Tanjore (Ramaswami 2000: 18). The library replied that such a text never existed, and Ramaswamy, noticing that the slokas recited by Krishnamacharya, undergo constant changes, came to the conclusion that the work is “his own masterpiece of his guru” (18). It is possible that the “Yoga Kurunta” – the same “inspired” text attributed to the legendary ancient sage, to give him the authority of tradition … ”

Naturally, these scammers partly took exercises from the usual Western gymnastics and a certain conglomerate of useful and harmful postures / exercises turned out. They also added rhetoric about ancient Indian wisdom and the path to enlightenment – which Western fashionable fools came very close to the court, and successfully vparili all this to the world.

And the funny thing is that these same comrades, being kind of like the founders of the gymnastic “hatha” yoga, angrily reject Kriya – the purifying techniques from the “Hatha Yoga of Pradipika”, the same abominations:

“As we read in Krishnamacharya (1941),” many people think that yoga kriya (ie shatkarma, purifying techniques) is a part of yoga, and they will prove it. But the main source of yoga, Patanjali Darshan (namely Yogasutra), does not include them … It is very disappointing that they desecrate the name of yoga … “(Jacobsen and Sundaram 2006: 18).

How do you selective logic? They chose Patanjali as the main source of yoga, therefore they rejected “enemas”, because they are not there, but at the same time asanas from Pradipika were used as a basis for practice (but Patanjali does not include them either!). Such artistic carving according to classical sources.

I think, has already brought enough facts to confirm the following theses:

– there is no yoga or that as a single, integral system, it is not even defined as a concept;

– there is no authoritative source that could be used as a basis for the formation of such a system;

– there is no (and never existed) any universally recognized guru, authority, whose opinion could be taken as a basis;

– Moreover, the most famous gurus are only charlatans and businessmen who simply exploit a reverential attitude to “ancient Indian wisdom” …