Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – synonyms, diagnosis, treatment

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – synonyms, diagnosis, treatment Definition of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Subacute spongy encephalopathy (related to the disease kuru, scrapie, bovine spongy encephalopathy = BSE, “mad cow disease”), “prion disease” Epidemiology of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Incidence is 0.8 per 1 million people. Etiopathogenesis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: – Slow virus (prion) – Theory…

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Artifact disease (Munchhausen syndrome) – synonyms, diagnosis, treatment

Artifact disease (Munchhausen syndrome) – synonyms, diagnosis, treatment Synonyms: simulated disorder, artifact syndrome; fake disorder, Munchhausen syndrome Definition of artifact disease. Simulation and / or artificial induction of physical or mental symptoms of the disease, covert manipulation, “self-destructive” behavior. The author of Munchhausen syndrome is presented in the photo on…

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Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease

Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease According to ICD-10: – decrease in memory (objectively, assessment of severity) – loss of intellectual abilities (reduced ability to express judgment and think) – decrease in the control of affect, stimuli, social behavior (irritability, apathy) – destruction of higher cortical functions (aphasia, apraxia) – minimum duration…

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Alzheimer’s disease is synonymous

Alzheimer’s disease is synonymous Synonyms: primary degenerative dementia, presenile and senile dementia = dementia, Alzheimer’s type Definition of Alzheimer’s disease. An irreversible, progressive, degenerative disease of the brain with typical neurological changes (accumulation of senile plaques and tangles of thickened, spiral-shaped wriggling neurofibrils in the brain tissues), clinically – with…

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Bipolar affective disorder – synonyms, diagnosis, treatment

Bipolar affective disorder – synonyms, diagnosis, treatment Synonyms. Manic-depressive psychosis, cyclothymia Definition of bipolar affective disorders. Recurrent occurrence of successively replacing each other depressive and (hypo-) manic phases. Epidemiology: – Age prevalence – 1-5%, depending on the diagnostic criterion – The first manifestation in most cases at the age of…

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Structure and classification of mental illness

Structure and classification of mental illness Mental diseases / disorders by analogy with the ICD-10 classification are divided into the following groups: – Organic and symptomatic mental disorders – Dependencies – Affective disorders – Schizophrenic and schizophrenia-like psychosis with hereditary predisposition – Disorders of personality and behavior For practical convenience…

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Epidemiology (prevalence) of mental disorders

Epidemiology (prevalence) of mental disorders For a long time, mental disorders were considered chronic and “incurable”, while psychiatrists and psychiatric clinics consulted “secretly”. However, attitudes towards such diseases have changed – the importance of mental diseases is reflected in public self-awareness, their economic importance has played a significant role in…

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